Regulatory Affairs and the CMO Factor

The use of contract manufacturers for the production of approved drug products has become more and more commonplace, particularly with the steady increase through the years of virtual pharmaceutical companies, a business model where the majority of the drug development and production work is outsourced to third parties as needed.  While the use of a contract manufacturing organization (CMO) may well be more cost efficient to a company,

Engineers examining a machine in a factory

It Is All About the “Risk”

Is there a Pre-Approval Inspection (PAI)? When will it be?  Will our site be inspected?  The anxiety-tinged queries from production (and management) personnel start almost as soon as an application is submitted, and until now regulatory personnel had little answers to offer except vague reassurances like, “We have to wait and see” or “It’s up to OPQ”.